Your teeth and very important and maintaining good oral hygiene is important in keeping them as healthy as possible. However, there are many different types of tooth problems that you may encounter. Regularly visiting your dentist is an essential part of your oral hygiene routine, as they will be able to spot any issues, and advise you on treatment and maintenance to keep your teeth and gums as happy and healthy as possible. Here are just a few of the most common tooth problems.
Cavities and tooth decay occur when the tooth enamel decays and a hole appears. They can be very painful and sore, and can be caused by a huge range of things. Poor diet and lots of acidic foods can wear away at the tooth enamel, and irregular brushing can cause bacteria and plaque to build up. If left untreated cavities can result in tooth loss. Treatment options include root canals, crowns or dental implants such as these affordable dental implants.
Also called periodontal disease, this is caused by a bacterial infection resulting in swelling and inflammation of the gums around the teeth. Certain medical conditions and medications are a risk factor for gum disease, as is smoking and genetics. Regular brushing and flossing can help prevent bacteria from building up in the mouth. It can lead to difficulty chewing, bleeding gums and tooth loss.
If you find yourself grinding your teeth you may be suffering from bruxism. It can be caused by a number of factors such as stress or sleep apnea, and often occurs at night. Tooth-grinding can result in weakened and damaged teeth. It is often managed through the use of a mouth guard, which is molded to your teeth and worn at night to help prevent further damage.
In each of the furthest corners of your mouth you have a wisdom tooth, or third molar. They are the last teeth to appear, and if there is not enough room for them they can be very painful. When the wisdom tooth tries to grow through, it can push other teeth out of the way, get stuck and grow under the gums. This is called an impacted wisdom tooth, and it can result in pain, infections and usually in the tooth having to be removed. Food and bacteria can get stuck on the impacted tooth, causing it to decay and leading to the need for it to be removed.
Your teeth may be discolored for a large number of reasons, including diet and habits. Smoking is a big cause of stained teeth, as the nicotine in tobacco and cigarettes turns brown when it comes into contact with oxygen. Foods and drinks such as coffee can also stain your teeth. There are several different types of tooth stains, and different methods of removing them. Your dentist will be the best person to consult on this, as they will have dealt with them before and be familiar with the process.
Regularly visiting your dentist is incredibly important and should not be avoided. They can spot any problems with your teeth and gums early on, and assist you with the best courses of treatment and management available.